Factors influencing the rate of chemical processes in the body
We are all aware of the importance of chemical reactions in our bodies. They help us digest food, create energy, and are how we heal when we get sick. However, it’s not always clear what factors contribute to these reactions happening inside of us. In this post, you’ll learn some factors that influence the rate at which a chemical reaction happens. This post was written with the help of https://visimix.com/support/articles/
- Properties of reactant
When we think of a chemical reaction, it’s prevalent to imagine the reactants in their original form. In reality, most reactants are usually broken down into smaller pieces. This can be referred to as reactant’s molecularity, and for it to contribute to rate change, one thing must happen first: the reactants must reach their critical molecularity. In other words, the reactant must be broken down into small enough pieces for the reaction to occur.
Increasing temperature will help reactions happen faster because it increases the kinetic energy of molecules and atoms, thereby increasing their speed and movement. This happens because as the temperature rises, more thermal energy is released. Thermal energy is the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules, which helps increase the rate of reaction.
- Concentration and pressure
The concentration of a given reactant influences how many pairs of molecules can collide to initiate a chemical reaction. In addition, as the number of collisions increases, we will also have more effective collisions.
One of the most important factors that influence a chemical reaction’s rate is the number of enzymes present in this reaction. Enzymes are special proteins produced by living cells to accelerate chemical reactions without themselves being consumed (as opposed to catalysts that are not needed for the reaction to happen).
In this article, you have learned about some factors that influence your body’s rate of chemical processes. The role of these factors is to speed up reactions and make them more effective. It’s important to note that all these effects are not independent of each other. For example, an increase in temperature will also help an enzyme function better, contributing to an increase in chemical reactions.